Nutrition

Faculty Website

Randy Shaver
Professor of Nutrition
http://shaverlab.dysci.wisc.edu/

Shaver website

Heather White
Assistant Professor of Nutritional Physiology
http://heatherwhite.dysci.wisc.edu/

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Peer-Reviewed Articles

Ferraretto, L.F. and R.D. Shaver. 2015. Effects of whole-plant corn silage hybrid type on intake, digestion, ruminal fermentation, and lactation performance by dairy cows through a meta-analysis. J. Dairy Sci. 98:2662-2675.

Ferraretto, L.F. and R.D. Shaver. 2015. Effect of direct-fed microbial supplementation on lactation performance and total-tract starch digestibility by midlacttaion dairy cows. The Professional Animal Scientist. PAS 31:63-67.

Fredin, S.M., L.F. Ferraretto, M.S. Akins, S.J. Bertics and R.D. Shaver. 2015. Effects of corn-based diet starch content and corn particle size on lactation performance, digestibility, and bacterial protein flow in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98:541-553.

Fredin, S.M., M.S. Akins, L.F. Ferraretto and R.D. Shaver. 2015. Effects of corn-based diet starch content and neutral detergent fiber source on lactation performance, digestibility, and bacterial protein flow in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98:554-565.

Ferraretto, L.F., A.C. Fonseca, C.J. Sniffen, A. Formigoni and R.D. Shaver. 2015. Effect of corn silage hybrids differing in starch and neutral detergent fiber digestibility on lactation performance and total tract nutrient digestibility by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98:395-405.

Ferraretto, L.F., R.D. Shaver, S. Massie, R. Singo, D.M. Taysom and J.P. Brouillette. 2015. Effect of ensiling time and hybrid type on fermentation profile, nitrogen fractions and ruminal in vitro starch and NDF digestibility in whole-plant corn silage. The Professional Animal Scientist PAS. Accepted 12-19-2014.

Souza, A.H., P.D. Carvalho, A. Rozner, L.M. Viera, K.S. Hackbart, R.W. Bender, A.R. Dresch, J. Verstegen, R.D. Shaver and M.C. Wiltbank. 2015. Relationship between circulating Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and superovulatory response of high producing dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98:169-178.

Aguirre-Villegas, H.A., T.H. Passos-Fonseca, D.J. Reinemann, L.E. Armentano, M.A. Wattiaux, V.E. Cabrera, J.M. Norman, R. Larson. 2015. Green cheese: Partial life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions and energy intensity of integrated dairy production and bioenergy systems. J. Dairy Sci. 98:1571-1592.

Tempelman,R.J., D.M. Spurlock, M. Coffey, R.F. Veerkamp, L.E. Armentano, K.A. Weigel, Y. de Haas, C.R. Staples, and others. 2015. Heterogeneity in genetic and nongenetic variation and energy sink relationships for residual feed intake across research stations and countries. J. Dairy Sci. 98:2013-2026.

Hardie, L.C., L.E. Armentano, R.D. Shaver, M.J. VandeHaar, D.M. Spurlock, C. Yao, S.J. Bertics, F.E. Contreras-Govea, K.A. Weigel. 2015. Considerations when combining data from multiple nutrition experiments to estimate genetic parameters of feed efficiency. J. Dairy Sci. 98:2727-2737.

Lopes F., K. Ruh and D. K. Combs. 2015. Validation of an approach to predict total tract fiber digestibility using a standardized in vitro technique for different diets fed to high producing dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98:2596-2602.

Lopes, F., D. E. Cook and D. K. Combs. 2015. Validation of an in vitro model for predicting rumen and total-tract fiber digestibility in dairy cows fed corn silages with different in vitro neutral detergent fiber digestibilities at 2 levels of dry matter intake. J. Dairy Sci. 98:574-585.

Arndt, C., J.M. Powell, M.J. Aguerre and M.A. Wattiaux. 2015. Performance, digestion, nitrogen balance, and emission of manure ammonia, enteric methane, and carbon dioxide in lactating cows fed diets with varying alfalfa silage-to-corn silage ratios. J. Dairy Sci. 98:418–430.

Contreras-Govea, F.E., V.E. Cabrera, L.E. Armentano, R.D. Shaver, P.M. Crump, D.K. Beede and M.J. VandeHaar. 2015. Constraints for nutritional grouping in Wisconsin and Michigan dairy farms. J. Dairy Sci. 98:1336–1344.

Stoffel, C.M., P.M. Crump, L.E. Armentano. 2015. Effect of dietary fatty acid supplements, varying in fatty acid composition, on milk fat secretion in dairy cattle fed diets supplemented to less than 3% total fatty acids. J. Dairy Sci. 98:431-442.

Akins, M.S. and R.D. Shaver. 2014. Influence of corn silage hybrid type on lactation performance by Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:7811-7820.

Fonseca, A.C., S.M. Fredin, L.F. Ferraretto, C.M. Parsons, P.L. Utterback and R.D. Shaver. 2014. Short Communication: Intestinal digestibility of amino acids in fluid- and particle-associated rumen bacteria determined using a precision-fed cecectomized rooster bioassay. J. Dairy Sci. 97:3855-3859.

Carvalho, P.D., A.H. Souza, M.C. Amundson, K.S. Hackbart, M.J. Fuenzalida, M.M. Herlihy, H. Ayres, A.R. Dresch, L.M. Viera, J.N. Guenther, R.R. Grummer, P.M. Fricke, R. D. Shaver and M.C. Wiltbank. 2014. Relationships between fertility and postpartum changes in body condition and body weight in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97: 3666-3683.

Ferraretto, L., K. Taysom, D. Taysom, R. Shaver, and P. Hoffman. 2014. Relationships between dry matter content, ensiling, ammonia-nitrogen, and ruminal in vitro starch digestibility in high-moisture corn samples. J. Dairy Sci. 97:3221-3227.

Fredin, S.M., L.F. Ferraretto, M.S. Akins, P.C. Hoffman and R.D. Shaver. 2014. Fecal starch as an indicator of total tract starch digestibility by lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:1862-1871.

Akins, M.S., and R. D. Shaver. 2014. Effect of corn snaplage on lactation performance by dairy cows. The Professional Animal Scientist. PAS 30:86-92.

Ferraretto, L., H. Gencoglu, K. Hackbart, A. Nascimento, F. Dalla Costa, R. Bender, J. Guenther, R. Shaver and M. Wiltbank. 2014. Effect of Feed Restriction on Reproductive and Metabolic Hormones in Dairy Cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:754-763.

Akins, M.S., K. L. Perfield, H. B. Green, S. J. Bertics, and R. D. Shaver. 2014. Effect of monensin in lactating dairy cow diets at two starch concentrations. J. Dairy Sci. 97:917-929.

Giuberti, G., A. Gallo, F. Masoero, L.F. Ferraretto, P.C. Hoffman and R.D. Shaver. 2013. Factors affecting starch utilization in large animal food production system: A review. Starch. 65:1-19.

Carvalho, P.D.,, A.H. Souza, R. Sartori, K.S. Hackbart, A.R. Dresch, L.M. Vieira, P.S. Baruselli, J.N. Guenther, P.M. Fricke, R.D. Shaver and M.C. Wiltbank. 2013. Effects of deep-horn AI on fertilization and embryo production in superovulated cows and heifers. Theriogenology. 80:1074-1081.

Peñagaricano, F., A.H. Souza, P.D. Carvalho, A.M. Driver, R. Gambra, J. Kropp, K.S. Hackbart, D. Luchini, R.D. Shaver, M.C. Wiltbank and H. Khatib. 2013. Effect of maternal methionine supplementation on the transcriptome of bovine preimplantation embryos. PLoS One. 8(8):e72303.

Nellis, S.E., P.C. Hoffman, and R.D. Shaver. 2013. Technical note: A modified method to quantify prolamin proteins in dry and high-moisture corn. J. Dairy Sci. 96:4647-4652.

Akins, M.S., S. J. Bertics, M. T. Socha, and R. D. Shaver. 2013. Effects of cobalt supplementation and vitamin B12 injections on lactation performance and metabolism of Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 96:1755-1768.

Ferraretto, L.F., P.M. Crump and R.D. Shaver. 2013. Effect of cereal grain type and corn harvest and processing methods on intake, digestion and milk production by dairy cows through a meta-analysis. J. Dairy Sci. 96:533-550.

Bender, R.W., K. S. Hackbart, A. R. Dresch, P. D. Carvalho, L. M. Vieira, P. M. Crump, J. N. Guenther, P. M. Fricke, R. D. Shaver, D. K. Combs and M. C. Wiltbank. 2014. Effects of acute feed restriction combined with targeted use of increasing luteinizing hormone content of follicle-stimulating hormone preparations on ovarian super-stimulation, fertilization, and embryo quality in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97: 764-778.

Arndt, C., L.E. Armentano, and M. B. Hall.  2014.  Corn bran versus corn grain at 2 levels of forage: Intake, apparent digestibility, and production responses by lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:5676-5687.

Bobeck, E. A., D.K. Combs, and M.E. Cook. 2014. Introductory animal science-based instruction influences attitudes on animal agriculture issues. J. Anim. Sci. 92:856-864.

Lopes, F., P. C. Hoffman and W. Coblentz and D. K. Combs. 2013. Assessment of Heifer grazing experience on short term adaptation to pasture and performance as lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci. 96:3138-3152.

Yao, C., D. M. Spurlock, L. E. Armentano, C. D. Page, M. J. VandeHaar, D. M. Bickhart, and K. A. Weigel. 2013. Random forests approach for identifying additive and epistatic single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with residual feed intake in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 96:6716-6729.

Melo, L. Q., S. F. Costa, F. Lopes, M. C. Guerreiro, L. E. Armentano, and M. N. Pereira. 2013. Rumen morphometrics and the effect of digesta ph and volume on volatile fatty acid absorption. J. Anim. Sci. 91:1775-1783.

Guo, X. S., D. J. Undersander, and D. K. Combs. 2013. Effect of lactobacillus inoculants and forage dry matter on the fermentation and aerobic stability of ensiled mixed-crop tall fescue and meadow fescue. J. Dairy Sci. 96:1735-1744.

Ferraretto, L.F. and R.D. Shaver. 2012. Effect of Corn Shredlage on lactation performance and total tract starch digestibility by dairy cows. The Professional Animal Scientist. 28:639-647.

Zwald, A., and R.D. Shaver. 2012. Case Study: Effect of pen change on milk yield by dairy cows. The Professional Animal Scientist. 28:569-572.

Hoffman , P.C., D.R. Mertens, J. Larson, W.K. Coblentz and R.D. Shaver. 2012. A Query for Effective Mean Particle Size of Dry and High Moisture Corns. J. Dairy Sci. 95:3467-3477.

Yuan, K., R.D. Shaver , S.J. Bertics, M. Espineira and R.R. Grummer. 2012. Effect of rumen-protected niacin on lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and performance of transition dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 95:2673-2679.

Ferraretto, L.F. and R.D. Shaver. 2012. Meta-analysis: Effect of corn silage harvest practices on intake, digestion and milk production by dairy cows. The Professional Animal Scientist. 28:141-149.

Ferraretto, L.F., R.D. Shaver and S.J. Bertics. 2012. Effect of dietary supplementation with live-cell yeast at two dosages on lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, and total tract nutrient digestibility in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 95:4017-4028.

Lebaka, Ntjapa G., James G. Coors, Randy D. Shaver, Sandy Bertics, Andrés Guitiérez-Rojas, Mónica Menz, and Javier Betrán. 2012. Quantitative trait loci for ruminal degradability in opaque endosperm 2 (o2) maize. Crop Sci. Published online 8 Oct. 2012.

French, E.A., S.J. Bertics, and L.E. Armentano. 2012. Rumen and milk odd- and branched-chain fatty acid proportions are minimally influenced by ruminal volatile fatty acid infusions. J. Dairy Sci. 95:2015-2026.

He, M., K.L. Perfield, H.B. Green, and L.E. Armentano. 2012. Effect of dietary fat blend enriched in oleic or linoleic acid and monensin supplementation on dairy cattle performance, milk fatty acid profiles, and milk fat depression. J. Dairy Sci. 95:1447-1461.

White, H. M., S. L. Koser, and S. S. Donkin. 2011. Characterization of bovine pyruvate carboxylase promoter 1 responsiveness to serum from control and feed-restricted cows. J. Anim. Sci. 89:1763-1768.

White, H. M., S. L. Koser, and S. S. Donkin. 2011. Bovine pyruvate carboxylase 5’ UTR variant expression during transition to lactation and feed restriction in dairy cows. J. Anim. Sci. 89:1881-1892.

White, H. M., S. L. Koser, and S. S. Donkin. 2011. Differential regulation of bovine pyruvate carboxylase promoters by fatty acids and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonist. J. Dairy Sci. 94:3428-3436.

White, H. M., S. S. Donkin, M. C. Lucy, T. M. Grala, and J. R. Roche. 2012. Short Communication:  Genetic differences between New Zealand and North American dairy cows alter milk production and glucongeogenic enzyme expression. J. Dairy Sci. 95:455-459.

White, H. M., S. L. Koser, and S. S. Donkin. 2012. Gluconeogenic enzymes are differentially regulated by fatty acid cocktails in Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells. J. Dairy Sci. 95:1249-1256.

White, H. M., A. J. Acton, and R. V. Considine. 2012.  The angiogenic inhibitor TNP-470 decreases caloric intake and weight gain in high fat fed mice. Obesity.  20:2003-2009.

White, H. M., S. L. Koser, and S. S. Donkin.  2012.  Regulation of bovine pyruvate carboxylase mRNA and promoter expression by thermal stress.  J. Anim. Sci.  90:2979-2987.

Carvalho, E. R., N. S. Schmelz-Roberts, H. M. White, C. S. Wilcox, S. D. Eicher, and S. S. Donkin. 2012. Feeding behaviors of transition dairy cows fed glycerol as a replacement for corn. J. Dairy Sci. 95:7214-7224.

Grala, T. M., J. R. Roche, J. K. Kay, A. G. Rius, H. M. White, S. S. Donkin, M. D. Littlejohn, R. G. Snell, and C. V. C. Phyn. 2013.  The expression of genes involved in hepatic metabolism is altered by temporary changes to milking frequency.  J. Dairy Sci.  97:838-850.

McCann, C.C., M.E. Viner, S.S. Donkin and H.M. White. 2014. Hepatic patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 sequence, SNP presence, and protein confirmation and responsiveness to energy balance in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:1-9.

Epub. White, H.M., A.J. Acton, M.M. Kamocka and R.V. Considine. 2014. Hepatocyte growth factor regulates neovascularization in developing fat pads.  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 306:189-196.

Grala, T.M., J.R. Roche, J.K. Kay, A.G. Rius, H.M. White, S.S. Donkin, M.D. Littlejohn, R.G. Snell, and C.V.C. Phyn. 2013. The expression of genes involved in hepatic metabolism is altered by temporary changes to milking frequency. J. Dairy Sci. 97:838-850.

Carvalho, E.R., N.S. Schmelz-Roberts, H.M. White, C.S. Wilcox, S.D. Eicher and S.S. Donkin. 2012. Feeding behaviors of transition dairy cows fed glycerol as a replacement for corn. J. Dairy Sci. 95:7214-7224.

White, H.M., S.L. Koser and S.S. Donkin. 2012. Regulation of bovine pyruvate carboxylase mRNA and promoter expression by thermal stress. J. Anim. Sci. 90:2979-2987.

White, H.M., A.J. Acton and R.V. Considine. 2012. The angiogenic inhibitor TNP-470 decreases caloric intake and weight gain in high fat fed mice. Obesity. 20:2003-2009.

White, H.M., S.L. Koser and S.S. Donkin. 2012. Gluconeogenic enzymes are differentially regulated by fatty acid cocktails in Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells. J. Dairy Sci. 95:1249-1256.

White, H.M., S.S. Donkin, M.C. Lucy, T.M. Grala and J.R. Roche. 2012. Short Communication: Genetic differences between New Zealand and North American dairy cows alter milk production and glucongeogenic enzyme expression. Dairy Sci. 95:455-459.

Book Chapters

Seglar, W.J., and R.D. Shaver. 2014. Management and assessment of ensiled forages and high moisture grain. Chapter 2 (pp.507-538). In: Veterinary Clinics of North America Food Animal Practice – Dairy Nutrition. Ed: Robert Van Saun. Elsevier.

White, H. M., B. R. Richert, M. A. Latour.  2012. Impacts of Nutrition and Environmental Stressors on Lipid Metabolism. Lipid Metabolism.  Ed. R. Valenzuela.  In Press.

Conference Proceedings

Vanderwerff, Lauryn, Luiz Ferraretto, Gustavo Salvati and Randy Shaver. Update on Corn Shredlage for Dairy Cows. In Proceedings. 2015 Western Dairy Management Conference. Reno, NV. 3-5 March 2015.

Shaver, Randy. 2014. What’s New with Corn Silage? In Proceedings. 2014 Four-State Dairy Nutrition and Management Conference. Dubuque, IA. 11-12 June 2014.

White, H. M. 2014. Transition Cow Health:  Meeting the demands of lactation while maintaining a healthy liver.  In Proceedings. 2014 Four-State Nutrition and Management Conference. Dubuque, IA. 11-12 June 2014.

White, H.M. Ketosis: an integrated approach to finding solutions. Dairy Research Symposium. UW-Madison, Wisconsin. May 2014. (Presentation and Resources)

2014 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2013 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2012 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2011 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2010 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2009 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2008 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings
2007 Four-State Dairy Nutrition & Management Conference Proceedings

Popular Press Articles

White, H.M. 2014. Ketosis: Understanding the biology. Dairy Herd Management. Online. Nov. 12, 2014.

Vanderwerff, L., L. Ferraretto, G. Salvati, and R. Shaver. 2014. What does the latest shredlage research show? Hoard’s Dairyman. Nov. issue; Page 730.

Shaver, R. 2014. Update on starch utilization by dairy cows. Hoard’s Dairyman Webinar.

Shaver, R.D. 2014. Role of alfalfa in dairy diets.

Salvati, G., R. Shaver, M. Lippert, E. Ronk, and C. Wacek-Driver. 2014. Corn silage processing: Survey results.

Shaver, Randy. 2014. Update on starch utilization by dairy cows.

Ferraretto, Luiz, Randy Shaver and Joe Lauer. 2014. Influence of ensiling on the digestibility of whole-plant corn silage. UWEX Team Forage. Focus on Forage Series – 16:3.

Vanderwerff, L., L. Ferraretto, G. Salvati, and R. Shaver. 2014. Update on corn shredlage for dairy cows. UWEX Team Forage. Focus on Forage Series – 16:4.

Vanderwerff, L., L. Ferraretto, G. Salvati, and R. Shaver. 2014. Update on corn shredlage for dairy cows.

White, H. M., M. A. Latour, S. S. Donkin, and B. Cousins. 2009. CLA: What is it, and what does it do?  Feedstuffs. April 27:22.